A child with dyslexia typically has difficulties with learning; more specifically they have trouble acquiring literacy skills (reading, spelling or writing).  The term dyslexia, signifies that the primary cause of the literacy deficit is neurological/ constitutional in origin.

Research has shown that children with dyslexia can be shown to have specific neurological/ perceptual anomalies.  These same children may sometimes be perceived as having any, or all, of the following behavioural traits: lazy, problems with concentration, lacking perseverance, disengaged, disaffected attitude, easily distracted, inattentive, anxious, and as having low self-esteem.  Hence certain types of neurological traits can be seen to predispose a person toward developing certain types of personality or behavioural characteristics, as a coping strategy.  The personality/ behavioural characteristics of the dyslexic child are often secondary psychological problems that develop because of the specific neurological disorder.  Hence appropriate management of the primary problem (i.e., dyslexia) is very important to reduce the development of secondary psychological problems.